Climate and Territory


The climate

Sicily enjoys a mild Mediterranean climate all year round. This makes the destination suitable for any type of event in any season. The climate on the northern and eastern coasts, as well as on the Minor islands is mild in winter and hot during the summer months. The southern coast and its hinterland are those most influenced by the hot African winds and summers there can occasionally be torrid. The inland mountainous areas have a harsher climate, with significant temperature changes and frequent rainfall, often snow during the winter months.

The territory, an inexhaustible resource of ideas

Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean and the most extensive and southerly region of Italy. It is separated from Italy by the Straits of Messina, and from Africa by the Sicilian Channel. The triangular shape of the island gave it its ancient name Trinacria (of Greek origin, meaning “land of 3 capes”), and the sea that surrounds it is dotted with many Minor islands: the Aeolian Islands and Ustica off the northern coast in the Tyrrhenian Sea; the Egadi islands to the west, close to the coast of Trapani; the Pelagie islands and  Pantelleria in the South, in the Sicilian Channel.

The variety in landscape makes Sicily a fascinating and lively territory. Hills, plains, mountains, coasts, nature reserves, lakes, and streams make for a multiform experience and satisfy the most diverse and demanding requirements.

Sicily’s natural beauties in numbers

  • 1,040 km of coast line: the rugged, high and rocky coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea; the low-lying and sandy beaches on the Mediterranean Sea; and the varied coastline of the Ionian Sea.
  • 2 Archipelagos – The Aeolian and Egadi – and 4 Minor islands – Pantelleria, Lampedusa, Linosa, Lampione.
  • 3 active volcanoes – Mount Etna, Stromboli and Vulcano. Their peculiarity is having three different types of volcanic eruptions: eruptions of basaltic lava interspersed with periods of calm (Etna); continuous eruptions with fountains of lava (Stromboli); explosive eruptions with long periods of apparent calm followed by violent eruptions (Vulcano).
  • 6 rivers: the Imera, the Simeto, the Alcantara, the Oreto, the Platani and the Belice.
  • 1 natural lake – Pergusa – and many coastal lakes – the Biviere di Gela, the “Pantani” in Tindari, Pachino and Messina.
  • 85 nature reserves – real natural paradises, each characterised by different flora and fauna. Vendicari, Ustica, Lo Zingaro, Lampedusa, Pantelleria, the Biviere di Gela, La Timpa, Lake Pergusa, the Irminio River, Cavagrande del Cassibile, the Stagnone Islands and the Ciane River are just a few examples of the unrivaled natural treasures of Sicily.
  • 4 regional Parks: the Fluvial Parks of Alcantara, Mount Etna, Nebrodi and Madonie.